Examination of genes associated with lactose (milk sugar) metabolism, gluten metabolism.
We analyze genes that affect the function of coding for lactase enzyme. A simple example, certain forms of a gene can prevent lactase synthesis, which results in the inability of degrading lactose.
Consequently, dairy products are incompletely digested, then when lactose enters the large intestine, where it becomes food for the gut bacteria, resulting in the production of gasses, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and other inconvenient digestive problems.
Gluten is a name that stands for a family of proteins, present in the seeds of wheat, rye, oat and some other sorts of cereals. Gluten intolerance results in small intestinal villi damage, which is further associated with unpleasant digestive problems, weight-loss, vitamin depletion and can lead to Celiac disease.